What is the structural of phenol?
Phenol (also called carbolic acid) is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH. It is a white crystalline solid that is volatile. The molecule consists of a phenyl group (−C6H5) bonded to a hydroxy group (−OH).
What is the structure of functional group of phenol?
Phenols have the alcohol functional group bonded to a carbon atom of a cyclic structure. The ring structure has alternate double and single bonds. The formula of phenol is C6H5OH C 6 H 5 O H . Benzene has the formula C6H6 C 6 H 6 .
What is condensed structural formula?
A condensed structural formula is a system of writing organic structures in a line of text. It shows all atoms, but omits the vertical bonds and most or all the horizontal single bonds. The condensed structural formulas of ethane, propane, and ethanol are. CH₃CH₃, CH₃CH₂CH₃, and CH₃CH₂OH.
What is a condensed formula in chemistry?
The condensed formula of a molecule is the formula where the symbols of atoms are listed in order as they appear in the molecule’s structure with bond dashes omitted or limited. While vertical bonds are always omitted, sometimes horizontal bonds are included to indicate polyatomic groups.
What is called phenol?
phenol. / (ˈfiːnɒl) / noun. Also called: carbolic acid a white crystalline soluble poisonous acidic derivative of benzene, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant and in the manufacture of resins, nylon, dyes, explosives, and pharmaceuticals; hydroxybenzene. Formula: C 6 H 5 OH.
What is phenol with example?
Phenols are widely used in household products and as intermediates for industrial synthesis. For example, phenol itself is used (in low concentrations) as a disinfectant in household cleaners and in mouthwash. Phenol may have been the first surgical antiseptic.
What does a phenol look like?
Pure phenol is a white crystalline solid, smelling of disinfectant. It has to be handled with great care because it causes immediate white blistering to the skin. The crystals are often rather wet and discolored.
Is phenol an alcohol?
Phenols have unique properties and are not classified as alcohols. They have higher acidities due to the aromatic ring’s tight coupling with the oxygen and a relatively loose bond between the oxygen and hydrogen.
How many resonating structure does phenol has?
Above shown figure is about resonating structures of phenoxide ions and as we can see it has 5 resonating structures among which two structures are repeating as they are in starting and in ending too.
What is phenyl formula?
A cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5 is a phenyl group or phenyl ring. Phenyl groups are closely related to benzene and can be described as a benzene ring, minus a hydrogen, which can be substituted as a functional group by any other element or compound.
What is the functional group of alcohol and phenol?
The hydroxyl group (—OH) is found in the alcohol and phenol functional groups.
Is phenyl a functional group?
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group, or phenyl ring, is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5. Phenyl groups are closely related to benzene and can be viewed as a benzene ring, minus a hydrogen, which may be replaced by some other element or compound to serve as a functional group.
Is structural formula and condensed formula same?
Condensed structural formulas show the order of atoms like a structural formula but are written in a single line to save space and make it more convenient and faster to write out. Condensed structural formulas are also helpful when showing that a group of atoms is connected to a single atom in a compound.
What is the condensed structural formula of benzene?
The chemical formula of benzene is C6H6, so it has six carbon (C) atoms and six hydrogen (H) atoms. Its chemical structure can be described as a hexagon ring with alternating double bonds, as shown in this illustration. The chemical structure of benzene shows that for each carbon atom, there is one hydrogen atom.
What happens if I swallow phenol?
Swallowing phenol burns the lining of the digestive tract and can result in internal bleeding. Generally, the more serious the exposure, the more severe the symptoms. Phenol is absorbed easily into the body through the skin, lungs, and stomach.
Is benzene a phenol?
Benzene and phenol are aromatic organic compounds. Benzene is an organic compound having the chemical formula C6H6 while Phenol is a white crystalline solid with molecular formula C6H6OH. The key difference between benzene and phenol is that phenol has a –OH group in place of a hydrogen atom in benzene.
What is phenol class 12?
Hint: Phenols are defined as a compound that consists of an aromatic ring attached to a hydroxyl group. Phenols are slightly acidic than alcohol in water. It reacts with sodium hydroxide to form salts.
Why is the formula for ethanol C2H5OH?
It is better to write C2H6O as C2H5OH, because there is more than one compound with the same overall formula, and emphasising the hydroxyl group −OH, which is what characterizes an alcohol makes it ethanol and nothing else.